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/*
 *  RFC 1521 base64 encoding/decoding
 *
4
 *  Copyright The Mbed TLS Contributors
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 *  SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0 OR GPL-2.0-or-later
 *
 *  This file is provided under the Apache License 2.0, or the
 *  GNU General Public License v2.0 or later.
 *
 *  **********
 *  Apache License 2.0:
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 *
 *  Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
 *  not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *  http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
 *  WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *  limitations under the License.
 *
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 *  **********
 *
 *  **********
 *  GNU General Public License v2.0 or later:
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
 *  it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
 *  the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
 *  (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
 *  GNU General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
 *  with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
 *  51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
 *
 *  **********
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 */

#if !defined(MBEDTLS_CONFIG_FILE)
#include "mbedtls/config.h"
#else
#include MBEDTLS_CONFIG_FILE
#endif

#if defined(MBEDTLS_BASE64_C)

#include "mbedtls/base64.h"

#include <stdint.h>

#if defined(MBEDTLS_SELF_TEST)
#include <string.h>
#if defined(MBEDTLS_PLATFORM_C)
#include "mbedtls/platform.h"
#else
#include <stdio.h>
#define mbedtls_printf printf
#endif /* MBEDTLS_PLATFORM_C */
#endif /* MBEDTLS_SELF_TEST */

static const unsigned char base64_enc_map[64] =
{
    'A', 'B', 'C', 'D', 'E', 'F', 'G', 'H', 'I', 'J',
    'K', 'L', 'M', 'N', 'O', 'P', 'Q', 'R', 'S', 'T',
    'U', 'V', 'W', 'X', 'Y', 'Z', 'a', 'b', 'c', 'd',
    'e', 'f', 'g', 'h', 'i', 'j', 'k', 'l', 'm', 'n',
    'o', 'p', 'q', 'r', 's', 't', 'u', 'v', 'w', 'x',
    'y', 'z', '0', '1', '2', '3', '4', '5', '6', '7',
    '8', '9', '+', '/'
};

static const unsigned char base64_dec_map[128] =
{
    127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127,
    127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127,
    127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127,
    127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127,
    127, 127, 127,  62, 127, 127, 127,  63,  52,  53,
     54,  55,  56,  57,  58,  59,  60,  61, 127, 127,
    127,  64, 127, 127, 127,   0,   1,   2,   3,   4,
      5,   6,   7,   8,   9,  10,  11,  12,  13,  14,
     15,  16,  17,  18,  19,  20,  21,  22,  23,  24,
     25, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127,  26,  27,  28,
     29,  30,  31,  32,  33,  34,  35,  36,  37,  38,
     39,  40,  41,  42,  43,  44,  45,  46,  47,  48,
     49,  50,  51, 127, 127, 127, 127, 127
};

#define BASE64_SIZE_T_MAX   ( (size_t) -1 ) /* SIZE_T_MAX is not standard */

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/*
 * Constant flow conditional assignment to unsigned char
 */
static void mbedtls_base64_cond_assign_uchar( unsigned char * dest, const unsigned char * const src,
                                       unsigned char condition )
{
    /* MSVC has a warning about unary minus on unsigned integer types,
     * but this is well-defined and precisely what we want to do here. */
#if defined(_MSC_VER)
#pragma warning( push )
#pragma warning( disable : 4146 )
#endif

    /* Generate bitmask from condition, mask will either be 0xFF or 0 */
    unsigned char mask = ( condition | -condition );
    mask >>= 7;
    mask = -mask;

#if defined(_MSC_VER)
#pragma warning( pop )
#endif

    *dest = ( ( *src ) & mask ) | ( ( *dest ) & ~mask );
}

/*
 * Constant flow conditional assignment to uint_32
 */
static void mbedtls_base64_cond_assign_uint32( uint32_t * dest, const uint32_t src,
                                       uint32_t condition )
{
    /* MSVC has a warning about unary minus on unsigned integer types,
     * but this is well-defined and precisely what we want to do here. */
#if defined(_MSC_VER)
#pragma warning( push )
#pragma warning( disable : 4146 )
#endif

    /* Generate bitmask from condition, mask will either be 0xFFFFFFFF or 0 */
    uint32_t mask = ( condition | -condition );
    mask >>= 31;
    mask = -mask;

#if defined(_MSC_VER)
#pragma warning( pop )
#endif

    *dest = ( src & mask ) | ( ( *dest ) & ~mask );
}

/*
 * Constant flow check for equality
 */
static unsigned char mbedtls_base64_eq( size_t in_a, size_t in_b )
{
    size_t difference = in_a ^ in_b;

    /* MSVC has a warning about unary minus on unsigned integer types,
     * but this is well-defined and precisely what we want to do here. */
#if defined(_MSC_VER)
#pragma warning( push )
#pragma warning( disable : 4146 )
#endif

    difference |= -difference;

#if defined(_MSC_VER)
#pragma warning( pop )
#endif

    /* cope with the varying size of size_t per platform */
    difference >>= ( sizeof( difference ) * 8 - 1 );

    return (unsigned char) ( 1 ^ difference );
}

/*
 * Constant flow lookup into table.
 */
static unsigned char mbedtls_base64_table_lookup( const unsigned char * const table,
                                                 const size_t table_size, const size_t table_index )
{
    size_t i;
    unsigned char result = 0;

    for( i = 0; i < table_size; ++i )
    {
        mbedtls_base64_cond_assign_uchar( &result, &table[i], mbedtls_base64_eq( i, table_index ) );
    }

    return result;
}

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/*
 * Encode a buffer into base64 format
 */
int mbedtls_base64_encode( unsigned char *dst, size_t dlen, size_t *olen,
                   const unsigned char *src, size_t slen )
{
    size_t i, n;
    int C1, C2, C3;
    unsigned char *p;

    if( slen == 0 )
    {
        *olen = 0;
        return( 0 );
    }

    n = slen / 3 + ( slen % 3 != 0 );

    if( n > ( BASE64_SIZE_T_MAX - 1 ) / 4 )
    {
        *olen = BASE64_SIZE_T_MAX;
        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_BASE64_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL );
    }

    n *= 4;

    if( ( dlen < n + 1 ) || ( NULL == dst ) )
    {
        *olen = n + 1;
        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_BASE64_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL );
    }

    n = ( slen / 3 ) * 3;

    for( i = 0, p = dst; i < n; i += 3 )
    {
        C1 = *src++;
        C2 = *src++;
        C3 = *src++;

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        *p++ = mbedtls_base64_table_lookup( base64_enc_map, sizeof( base64_enc_map ),
                                            ( ( C1 >> 2 ) & 0x3F ) );

        *p++ = mbedtls_base64_table_lookup( base64_enc_map, sizeof( base64_enc_map ),
                                            ( ( ( ( C1 &  3 ) << 4 ) + ( C2 >> 4 ) ) & 0x3F ) );

        *p++ = mbedtls_base64_table_lookup( base64_enc_map, sizeof( base64_enc_map ),
                                            ( ( ( ( C2 & 15 ) << 2 ) + ( C3 >> 6 ) ) & 0x3F ) );

        *p++ = mbedtls_base64_table_lookup( base64_enc_map, sizeof( base64_enc_map ),
                                            ( C3 & 0x3F ) );
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    }

    if( i < slen )
    {
        C1 = *src++;
        C2 = ( ( i + 1 ) < slen ) ? *src++ : 0;

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        *p++ = mbedtls_base64_table_lookup( base64_enc_map, sizeof( base64_enc_map ),
                                            ( ( C1 >> 2 ) & 0x3F ) );

        *p++ = mbedtls_base64_table_lookup( base64_enc_map, sizeof( base64_enc_map ),
                                            ( ( ( ( C1 & 3 ) << 4 ) + ( C2 >> 4 ) ) & 0x3F ) );
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        if( ( i + 1 ) < slen )
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             *p++ = mbedtls_base64_table_lookup( base64_enc_map, sizeof( base64_enc_map ),
                                                 ( ( ( C2 & 15 ) << 2 ) & 0x3F ) );
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        else *p++ = '=';

        *p++ = '=';
    }

    *olen = p - dst;
    *p = 0;

    return( 0 );
}

/*
 * Decode a base64-formatted buffer
 */
int mbedtls_base64_decode( unsigned char *dst, size_t dlen, size_t *olen,
                   const unsigned char *src, size_t slen )
{
    size_t i, n;
    uint32_t j, x;
    unsigned char *p;
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    unsigned char dec_map_lookup;
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    /* First pass: check for validity and get output length */
    for( i = n = j = 0; i < slen; i++ )
    {
        /* Skip spaces before checking for EOL */
        x = 0;
        while( i < slen && src[i] == ' ' )
        {
            ++i;
            ++x;
        }

        /* Spaces at end of buffer are OK */
        if( i == slen )
            break;

        if( ( slen - i ) >= 2 &&
            src[i] == '\r' && src[i + 1] == '\n' )
            continue;

        if( src[i] == '\n' )
            continue;

        /* Space inside a line is an error */
        if( x != 0 )
            return( MBEDTLS_ERR_BASE64_INVALID_CHARACTER );

        if( src[i] == '=' && ++j > 2 )
            return( MBEDTLS_ERR_BASE64_INVALID_CHARACTER );

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        dec_map_lookup = mbedtls_base64_table_lookup( base64_dec_map, sizeof( base64_dec_map ), src[i] );

        if( src[i] > 127 || dec_map_lookup == 127 )
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            return( MBEDTLS_ERR_BASE64_INVALID_CHARACTER );

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        if( dec_map_lookup < 64 && j != 0 )
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            return( MBEDTLS_ERR_BASE64_INVALID_CHARACTER );

        n++;
    }

    if( n == 0 )
    {
        *olen = 0;
        return( 0 );
    }

    /* The following expression is to calculate the following formula without
     * risk of integer overflow in n:
     *     n = ( ( n * 6 ) + 7 ) >> 3;
     */
    n = ( 6 * ( n >> 3 ) ) + ( ( 6 * ( n & 0x7 ) + 7 ) >> 3 );
    n -= j;

    if( dst == NULL || dlen < n )
    {
        *olen = n;
        return( MBEDTLS_ERR_BASE64_BUFFER_TOO_SMALL );
    }

   for( j = 3, n = x = 0, p = dst; i > 0; i--, src++ )
   {
        if( *src == '\r' || *src == '\n' || *src == ' ' )
            continue;

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        dec_map_lookup = mbedtls_base64_table_lookup( base64_dec_map, sizeof( base64_dec_map ), *src );

        mbedtls_base64_cond_assign_uint32( &j, j - 1, mbedtls_base64_eq( dec_map_lookup, 64 ) );
        x  = ( x << 6 ) | ( dec_map_lookup & 0x3F );
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        if( ++n == 4 )
        {
            n = 0;
            if( j > 0 ) *p++ = (unsigned char)( x >> 16 );
            if( j > 1 ) *p++ = (unsigned char)( x >>  8 );
            if( j > 2 ) *p++ = (unsigned char)( x       );
        }
    }

    *olen = p - dst;

    return( 0 );
}

#if defined(MBEDTLS_SELF_TEST)

static const unsigned char base64_test_dec[64] =
{
    0x24, 0x48, 0x6E, 0x56, 0x87, 0x62, 0x5A, 0xBD,
    0xBF, 0x17, 0xD9, 0xA2, 0xC4, 0x17, 0x1A, 0x01,
    0x94, 0xED, 0x8F, 0x1E, 0x11, 0xB3, 0xD7, 0x09,
    0x0C, 0xB6, 0xE9, 0x10, 0x6F, 0x22, 0xEE, 0x13,
    0xCA, 0xB3, 0x07, 0x05, 0x76, 0xC9, 0xFA, 0x31,
    0x6C, 0x08, 0x34, 0xFF, 0x8D, 0xC2, 0x6C, 0x38,
    0x00, 0x43, 0xE9, 0x54, 0x97, 0xAF, 0x50, 0x4B,
    0xD1, 0x41, 0xBA, 0x95, 0x31, 0x5A, 0x0B, 0x97
};

static const unsigned char base64_test_enc[] =
    "JEhuVodiWr2/F9mixBcaAZTtjx4Rs9cJDLbpEG8i7hPK"
    "swcFdsn6MWwINP+Nwmw4AEPpVJevUEvRQbqVMVoLlw==";

/*
 * Checkup routine
 */
int mbedtls_base64_self_test( int verbose )
{
    size_t len;
    const unsigned char *src;
    unsigned char buffer[128];

    if( verbose != 0 )
        mbedtls_printf( "  Base64 encoding test: " );

    src = base64_test_dec;

    if( mbedtls_base64_encode( buffer, sizeof( buffer ), &len, src, 64 ) != 0 ||
         memcmp( base64_test_enc, buffer, 88 ) != 0 )
    {
        if( verbose != 0 )
            mbedtls_printf( "failed\n" );

        return( 1 );
    }

    if( verbose != 0 )
        mbedtls_printf( "passed\n  Base64 decoding test: " );

    src = base64_test_enc;

    if( mbedtls_base64_decode( buffer, sizeof( buffer ), &len, src, 88 ) != 0 ||
         memcmp( base64_test_dec, buffer, 64 ) != 0 )
    {
        if( verbose != 0 )
            mbedtls_printf( "failed\n" );

        return( 1 );
    }

    if( verbose != 0 )
        mbedtls_printf( "passed\n\n" );

    return( 0 );
}

#endif /* MBEDTLS_SELF_TEST */

#endif /* MBEDTLS_BASE64_C */